What Is CBD?
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the Cannabis sativa flowering plant, also known industrially as Hemp. CBD, or hemp, is a naturally occurring substance used in products like oils and edibles to support the mind and body in numerous ways. While CBD is closely related to marijuana, it does not contain delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is the active ingredient in marijuana that is psychoactive or produces a “high.” CBD is a potent botanical shown to have numerous positive effects. It is also a proven anti-epileptic and has been approved by the Food and Drug administration for the treatment of two epilepsy disorders.
What is CBG?
While CBG is a lesser known compound, it is becoming more popular. Researchers describe CBG as a minor cannabinoid because cannabis plants produce smaller amounts of the substance compared to major cannabinoids like CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBG typically makes up less than one percent of the cannabis plant by weight but it is worth it to get more familiar!
Because CBG does not contain THC, it is also a nonintoxicating or non-psychoactive cannabinoid. This substance offers a variety of applications for humans and is thought to provide numerous health benefits. CBG acts on very specific locations within the body and with promising effects.
CBG vs. CBD: What is the Difference?
In understanding what is CBG, it is important to understand how it contrasts with CBD. Slight molecular differences between the two substances result in significantly different CBD and CBG effects. Researchers observe that CBG appears to bind well to the cell receptors of the body’s endocannabinoid system. As a result, CBG may cause a direct response.
By contrast, CBD appears to have a lower affinity, but can still affect these receptors in another way. Instead of binding with the receptors, they may instead block them from interacting with other substances. For an oversimplified example, think about a square-shaped hole and two differently shaped pegs – one square and another circle. Sized correctly, both pegs fit snugly into the square-shaped hole. But research seems to suggest that the square peg acts more like CBG, interacting with all sides and corners. In juxtaposition, the circle shaped peg appears to work more like the CBD. It may fit the space and hold securely, but it does not fully interact with all the edges. It also effectively blocks the insertion of any other pegs.